The TO-20 is a farming and agricultural tractor manufactured by Ferguson. First produced in 1948, the Ferguson TO-20 is an American version of the company's TE-20, manufactured in England. Similar to Ford's 9N and 2N tractors, the TO-20 was in direct competition with Ford's tractors. The TO-20 continued to be produced until 1951, when the tractor was replaced by the TO-30.
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Manufactured by Continental, the TO-20 features a Z-120 engine with four cylinders. The engine features 3.187 inches of bore and 3.75-inches of stroke with 120 ci of displacement. With a liquid cooling system, the TO-20 features a 6.1 to 1 compression ratio and a 6-quart oil capacity. Rated for 2,200rpm, the Ferguson TO-20 measures 88 foot-pounds of torque at 1,200rpm. The TO-20 features a 1-3-4-2 firing order and 6 starter volts.
Transmission and Performance
The Ferguson TO-20 features a constant mesh transmission system with Helical-cut gears. The tractor features a "4-forward, 1-reverse" gear layout. With 1,500rpm, the Ferguson TO-20 goes about 2.48mph in first gear, 3.42mph in second, 4.71mph in third, 9.84mph in fourth and 2.87mph while going in reverse. At 2,000 engine rpm, the TO-20 goes about 3.31mph in first, 4.57mph in second, 6.29mph in third, 13.13mph in fourth and 3.83mph in reverse.
Weighing in at 1252 Kilogram, the Ferguson TO-20 uses 6.00-16 tires in the front and 11-28 tires in the rear. The TO-20s cab is an open operator station, meaning the driver sits in an open-air seat. The Ferguson TO-20 features a two-wheel-drive chassis, a single dry disc Rockford clutch and a centrifugal governor manufactured by Continental. The distributor and starter were made by either Auto-Lite or Delco-Remy, depending on the model. The 1948 TO-20s serial number is 1, while the 1949 model's is 1808. The 1950 edition's number is 14660 and the final 1951 model features the 39163 serial number.
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