Standard construction inspection checklists allow inspectors, company operators and university officials to examine and assess a construction site to determine if it meets environmental and building code standards. For example, the checklist is important for determining if downstream locations are free from pollutants or if a company has installed the proper fencing to preserve vegetation and marked off areas. Site inspectors use the checklist to determine what areas need improvement or corrective action.
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Every construction inspection checklist has a waste management and pollution control section. Storage of materials must be located at least 50 feet from water flows. Handling of the materials are subject to federal environmental standards. A site inspector uses the checklist to confirm if a company or institution has met these standards. He also uses the list to recommend solutions for containing materials to prevent spills, leaks and pollution.
Soil Erosion and Preservation
Construction site companies must stabilise the soil before laying the foundation and building. The purpose of the soil stabilisation process is to address and treat eroded areas and maintain seeded and landscaped parts of the land. The checklist allows the inspector to recommend solutions for stabilising the site.
Grading, Slopes and Sediment Control
Land and engineering surveyors develop a grading plan before reshaping the ground to construct a facility or building. The plan includes activities related to stabilising, or levelling, uneven surfaces such as slopes. The purpose of this is to reduce wastewater runoff. The grading plan is important for determining how construction workers will remove excess materials and control the build-up of sediment. The construction inspection checklist allows the site inspector to investigate if a company has installed a silt fence, basin or temporary stockpile to control run-off and spills. The checklist is also important for determining if too much sediment has collected in one area.
A certification statement is the last section of the construction inspection checklist. Licensed professionals in the areas of construction site inspection and environmental compliance must prepare the checklist in coordination with and under the supervision of a governing system, which may be a company or educational institution. They must ensure that qualified people gather and evaluate the information within the checklist. They must also attest to the best of their knowledge that information within the checklist is true, accurate and complete. The inspector signs and dates the list.
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