Barriers to Communication for the Visually Impaired

Written by kate bradley | 13/05/2017
Barriers to Communication for the Visually Impaired
Don't put up a mental fence between yourself and a visually-impaired person. (barrier image by michele goglio from

Communication with sighted persons frequently presents real challenges; for the visually impaired, communication becomes significantly more difficult. Speakers cannot rely on nonverbal cues or body language when speaking with a visually-impaired person. However, effective communication can still take place between sighted and visually-impaired persons when both are aware of barriers to communication.


Barriers to Communication for the Visually Impaired
Avoid all forms of vagueness when talking to a visually-impaired person. (clear light bulbs image by green 308 from

Sighted persons take visual cues and the physical world for granted. When speaking to a visually-impaired person, be specific. Say "The chair is on your right", not "The chair is right here." Identify yourself before speaking ("Hi John, it's Karen"); don't assume your voice is recognised or it could lead to confusion. Similarly, in a group setting you should introduce every person so that the visually-impaired person is aware of how many people are in the room.


Barriers to Communication for the Visually Impaired
Relax, smile and be friendly; there's no need for discomfort. (smile image by nutech21 from

Visually-impaired persons are not monsters and more often than not are accustomed to a sightless existence. Try to relax and behave normally; if you act as though something is strange or wrong, you risk making the other person uncomfortable and possibly self-conscious. Speak in normal tones and don't try to omit certain words, such as "watch" and "look". Remember to smile--it shows in your voice. Last, never communicate through a third party. Even if you are shy or uncertain about what to do, this comes across as rude. Always speak directly to the person.


Barriers to Communication for the Visually Impaired
Offer help when needed, but don't insult anyone's dignity. (let me help you image by Jake Hellbach from

Visually-impaired and other disabled persons do not want pity. Pitying someone is a good way to shut down communication because it gives the impression that you feel superior to the disabled person (whether that is true or not.) Instead, treat a visually-impaired person like you would anyone else: don't rush to get the door or call out every possible obstacle in his path, and never offer help unless it's very obvious that help is needed in order to complete a task. Never assume that a visually-impaired person's independence is not fully intact.

Lack of Verbal Cues

Barriers to Communication for the Visually Impaired
Pay attention and use verbal cues to signal interest or agreement. (mother and daughter conversation image by Allen Penton from

Visually-impaired persons cannot see expressions or gestures, so sighted persons must always use verbal cues to show interest and attention. Try to keep the conversation going by asking questions and using fillers (such as "Uh huh," "OK," or "I see.") Always spare a visually-impaired person the discomfort and awkwardness of an extended silence by giving her your full attention and saying what you are doing (for example, going to the kitchen to get something to drink).

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