Honda produced the Honda XL 185 S between 1979 and 1983 The motorcycle was an enduro bike, meaning that it could be used off as well as on the road. A review article in the "Cycle Magazine," reprinted electronically at Motorcyclespecs.co.za, noted that although the cruising speed was not very high, the bike was an "excellent commuter," largely thanks to its very impressive fuel economy of 35km per litre, or 99mpg, at a speed of 60km/h.
Engine and Transmission
The Honda XL 185 S was equipped with a small 180.00-cc, or 10.98-cubic-inch, air-cooled, four-stroke, single-cylinder engine. The 2.5-by-2.3-inch bore and stroke and a 9.2-to-1 compression ratio defined the cylinder power of the engine. The engine featured an overhead-cam valve-train configuration with two valves per cylinder. At 8,000rpm, this configuration delivered 16.00 horsepower, or 11.7 kilowatts. The maximum torque was reached at 13.6 newton meters at 6,500rpm. The engine was mated to a five-speed transmission.
Suspension, Brakes and Wheels
The bike's front suspension was made up of 38-mm Showa air-assisted forks with 200mm of front-wheel travel. The rear suspension consisted of Showa Pro-Link shock absorbers with 165mm of rear-wheel travel. The Honda XL 185 S was equipped with 110-mm drum front and rear brakes. The front and rear tires were 2.75-21 and 4.10-18 respectively.
The Honda XL 185 S had a quarter-mile acceleration of 17.5 seconds. The motorcycle could accelerate to a speed of up to 115.0km/h, or 71.5mph. The bike came with a 7-liter, or 1.85-gallon, fuel tank. The motorcycle weighed 118 Kilogram.