Steam Room Specifications

Written by charles pearson
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Steam Room Specifications
Steam room design enhances the steam room experience. (Jupiterimages/Goodshoot/Getty Images)

Steam rooms produce steam for the relaxation and enjoyment of their patrons. Some establishments provide steam rooms as their only service, while other businesses have a steam room as part of a spa or a gym membership.

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Steam rooms need adequate ventilation to allow for temperature control and to keep the steam in the steam room from becoming too thick, which can cause respiratory problems.

Water-Proof Features

Steam rooms need a door or curtain to prevent too much steam from leaving the steam room and entering into other areas. Steam can create water damage all through a building. Steam rooms generally have door frames made of moisture-proof tempered glass, aluminium or bronze. The steam room must have vapour-proof lights so that the vapour does not short-circuit the lighting. Steam rooms frequently have halogen lights.


Steam generators release the steam through an insulated steam head. Many generators also release a fragrance to give the steam room a more pleasant aroma. Steam generators boil water to create steam. The generator boils 1 to 2 quarts of water every 15 minutes. Some steam generators have an auto drain that allows the owner to cycle the water. Other steam generators allow the owners to use distilled or softened water. The owner of the establishment usually places the steam generator away from high-traffic areas, usually 20 to 40 feet. The generator usually needs at least 240 volts to operate. While the installer can hook up the steam generator to hot or cold water, hot water produces steam faster than cold water.

Steam Room Materials

Materials used to build the steam room must resist moisture and corrosion. Acrylic, Corian, ceramic tile, cement boards, glass and natural stones such as marble, granite, travertine and slate work well in a steam room. The adhesive used in a steam room is usually epoxy. These materials must keep the steam from permeating through the walls and ceiling and travelling to other parts of the building.

Steam Room Benches

Steam rooms have benches that can have a single height or dual height. Single height steam rooms have one slab that the occupants sit on, while dual height benches allow the occupants to climb to a second bench.

Portable Steam Room

Business owners can have smaller portable steam rooms added to their establishments. These smaller steam rooms consist of seats arranged in a circle and come with a domed multi-sectional roof. The steam room comes with a steam light, a steam generator and fragrances.

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