Types of veterinary nebulizers

Updated April 17, 2017

A nebuliser is used to administer medication in the form of a mist so it can be inhaled through the lungs. Studies published in Compendium on the subject of canine influenza on the Vet Learn website reveal that dogs with kennel cough treated with a nebuliser do better in recovery. Veterinarians also can deliver particles to unsedated cats with the nebuliser. It is a safe way to treat animals in need of medical attention. There are three types of nebulizers used in a veterinary setting.

Jet Nebulizers

Jet nebulizers have a well for fluids to be placed and have oxygen sources. Small particles are created when the baffle on the nebuliser makes contact with the drugs. Out of all the nebulizers found on the market as of 2010, jet nebulizers are the sturdiest. When in use for animals, it is better suited to use tanks or tents. Animals walk inside the tents so the medicine can flow directly to them. The only downside to this method is medication can be deposited onto the fur. As a result, animals can ingest the medicine after grooming.

Electronic Nebulizers

Electronic nebulizers rely on membrane vibration to produce an aerosol. The units are smaller than jet nebulizers since air compressors are not required. While electronic nebulizers are available at a modest price and used in veterinary settings, the units malfunction more frequently than jet nebulizers. Electronic nebulizers can be purchased from respiratory supply companies.

Metered Dose Inhalers

Used to predominantly treat respiratory infections, nebulizers humidify the airway or directly deliver antimicrobials into the respiratory tract of small animals. The nebulised liquid can be given to the animals. Metered-dose inhalers deliver drugs to the larger airways of animals. It works the same way for humans that use the inhalers. Dogs with chronic bronchitis can be treated with the metered-dose inhalers.

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About the Author

Based in Florida, Jackie Rowson has been writing online content since 2007. Her work has appeared in "Natural Awakenings" and she maintains a weekly column on religion and spirituality. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of West Florida. Rowson is also a certified personal trainer with the International Sports Sciences Association.