Types of Dental Forceps

Written by carl halling
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Types of Dental Forceps
Dental forceps, showing beaks closed on extracted tooth, neck and handle. (David Muir/Photodisc/Getty Images)

In dentistry, there are two different types of forceps: those for forcefully removing teeth, a process known as exodontia, and those for moving instruments from the sterilizer to the tray, known as transfer forceps. All forceps for removing teeth have several features in common, namely, the beaks, which are intended to grasp the tooth, the neck and the handle.

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Dental Forceps for Tooth Extractions

Forceps for the removal of teeth are designed to be grasped by the palm and might have a hook as an aid to greater leverage. The tips, known as beaks, are designed to fit snugly around the crown of the tooth intended for extraction. The surrounding area of the mouth and face should not be affected by extraction. There are several distinct types of forceps for tooth extractions, depending on the type of tooth to be removed.

Types of Dental Forceps
Tooth extraction using dental forceps should not affect the surrounding area of the mouth and face. (tooth extraction image by starush from Fotolia.com)

Types of Human Teeth

The types of human teeth are the maxillary teeth of the upper jaw or jawbone, and the mandibular teeth of the lower jaw or jawbone, whether incisors, cuspids and premolars, or molars and third molars. The incisors are the four upper and four lower front teeth; the upper and lower cuspids, or canine teeth, are the single teeth found on either side of the incisors; the upper and lower premolars or bicuspids, are the two teeth found on either side of the cuspids; while the upper and lower molars are the three back teeth, the third of each set being known as wisdom teeth.

Types of Dental Forceps
There are several different varieties of human teeth, (teeth image by JASON WINTER from Fotolia.com)

Forceps Used for Different Types of Teeth

The forceps to be used for the various types of teeth are as follows: For the maxillary teeth of the upper jaw, no. 99-C forceps or No. 150 Cryer, or Universal forceps, should be used for the incisors; no. 286, or Bayonet, forceps for the cuspids and premolars; and no. 24, no. 88R-2, no. 18R, no. 88L-2 and no. 18L for the molars. For the mandibular teeth of the lower jaw, no. 151 Cryer forceps should be used for the incisors; no. 103 forceps for the cuspids and premolars; no. 16 and no. 287 for the molars; and no. 222 for the third molars or wisdom teeth.

Types of Dental Forceps
For the safe extraction of teeth, the right kind of forceps must be used. (two dentist image by Andrey Kiselev from Fotolia.com)

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