The Mediterranean region provides long, hot summer days full of sunshine and temperate winter months filled with adequate rainfall to provide sustenance to a variety of plants, trees, flowers and herbs. In addition to the warm Mediterranean regions, there are many other areas around the world that mimic the hot, dry summers and mild winters of the Mediterranean. If you live in a climate similar to the Mediterranean, choose plants well-suited to warm temperatures and full sun for a lush garden year-round.
The San Diego Union-Tribune notes that rockrose, otherwise known as cistus, does well in most Mediterranean climates. Rockrose is an evergreen shrub that produces an aromatic green leaf and blossoms that range in colour from white or yellow to pink, purple and even hot pink. Cistus grows naturally in the Mediterranean region underneath trees and other shrubs, so it typically grows well even in shady areas. Rockrose is also tolerant of salt spray, so it can be cultivated in areas close to the ocean and riverbeds.
Eucalyptus plants also grow well in warm Mediterranean climates. There are hundreds of species of eucalyptus, and several varieties that thrive in the Mediterranean region can also be cultivated in other areas with similar Mediterranean climates. Eucalyptus may grow as a small shrub, or it may be a tall-growing tree more than 10 feet in height. Eucalyptus is a natural disinfectant, and the essential oil of some eucalyptus plants is extracted for use in herbal skin care products, shampoos and disinfectants.
According to the University of California Master Gardeners of Napa County, rosmarinus or rosemary grows well in the hot, dry Mediterranean-style summers and mild, wet winters of California's Napa Valley. Rosemary is a quintessential herb native to the Mediterranean region. Rosemary is frequently used in cooking, and it is prized among both cooks and gardeners for its attractive foliage; rich, aromatic scent; and full flavour that enhances almost any dish.
Jasmine also thrives in warm climates similar to the Mediterranean. Famous for its rich, sweet scent, jasmine's essential oil is distilled for use in perfumes, teas, incense and commercial beauty products. There are many varieties of jasmine shrubs and vines. The jasmine plant produces a delicate flower that is enjoyed for its beauty and heady fragrance. Jasmine is known for flowers that open only at night and give off their scent during the evening hours.
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