For gardeners trying to create a specific theme or colour palette in their flower plots, knowing the names of purple flowering plants can be a blessing. While there are many different varieties of the colour purple, from deep plum to barely-there lilac, a mixture of the varying tones can be quite breathtaking when themed together.
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Mexican Bush Sage
Mexican bush sage, also known as velvet sage and Salvia leucantha, is a perennial shrub that is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. It attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. The shrub grows 2 to 4 feet high and 2 to 4 feet wide with lance-like leaves and purple calyces, or leaflike sepals that protect a flower. It is a showy sage and cultivars "Midnight" and "Purple Velvet" have purple flowers, as well as purple calyces. It prefers full sun and has an afternoon shade tolerance. It can be grown from stem or root cuttings.
Poppy mallow is also called the winecup or Callirhoe digitata. It grows 8 to 20 inches tall and is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 9. Leaves are basal, or by the ground, and coarse, while flowers are cuplike and violet or red-violet. It blooms in spring and summer. It prefers dry rocky soils and full sun conditions. Poppy mallow is drought tolerant.
Purple Sage, or Leucophyllum frutescens, is an evergreen drought-tolerant shrub that is hardy in USDA zones 7 through 10. It grows between 3 and 8 feet high with wavy leaves and tubular flowers. Flowers can be white, pink, blue, purple or lavender. For a purple bloom, choose the "Sierra Bouquet" or "Thunder Cloud" cultivars. It prefers gravelly, dry, well-drained soil with full sun. Purple sage can be grown from seed or cuttings.
The tenpetal thimbleweed is also known as windflower or Anemone berlandieri. It is hardy in USDA zones 7 through 9. The windflower grows 6 to 14 inches high with one white-green or purple-blue flower per stem. There are basal leaves near the ground level. It prefers partial shade and any type of soil. Propagate by seed.
The purple coneflower, or Echinacea purpurea, is a fast-growing perennial that is easy to grow. It is hardy in USDA zones 3 to 9. Leaves are dark green and coarse with a daisy-like, purple flower head. It grows 3 feet high with 3-inch-wide flowers. Purple coneflower prefers full sun and any soil, but tolerates partial sun. Grow this flower by root division or by seed.
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