Regularly cleaning and sanitising your mattress can lower the number of mattress contaminants you are sleeping on. These contaminants include dust, dust mites, bed bugs, bacteria and viruses. Contaminants can irritate those with asthma or allergies. Professional mattress cleaners use one or more of several types of machines to sanitise mattresses.
Ultraviolet Light Machines
Some mattress cleaning machines use ultraviolet light to sanitise the mattress. The ultraviolet light will, however, only sanitise the top layer of the mattress and generally does not have enough power to infiltrate the lower layers. This is useful for sanitising light stains and surface dust, but it will not completely get rid of dust mites, bed bugs and deep stains within the mattress. These machines flash ultraviolet light on the mattress from 6 to 8 inches above the mattress for at least 30 seconds at a time. Some of the machines have larger lights than others. If the light is small, you will have to work at your mattress one area at a time to completely sanitise the surface.
Steam Cleaning Machines
Some professional cleaners use steam cleaners to clean the surface of the mattress and to penetrate deep into the mattress foam or springs. These machines boil water at a very high temperature to produce steam, which is shot out of a wand at a very high pressure. The steam penetrates the mattress to loosen the dust, dirt and debris. Unlike ultraviolet light machines, steam cleaning machines will actually remove and clean stains. Some steam cleaners do not require the use of any chemicals so the process will not leave a residue for you to rinse off.
Typically, steam cleaners vacuum the mattress before and after steam cleaning it. Vacuuming before removes any large particles that might otherwise be pushed into the mattress during the steam cleaning process. Vacuuming again after the steaming process will remove any contaminants that the steam cleaning has loosened. Some steam cleaning machines also have vacuuming capabilities while others require the use of a separate vacuum to effectively clean the mattress.