Although fruit trees grow in a wide variety of soil conditions, most require well-drained soil. If your landscape becomes waterlogged and often has standing water, your fruit trees may suffer root rot. It's always best to amend your soil and raise the bed to improve the drainage as much as possible. Planting varieties of fruit that tolerate prolonged periods of moisture will assure quality fruit production and healthier trees.
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According to UC Davis Extension, pear is one of the best fruit trees for areas with wet soils. Pear trees grow in full sun and reach a height of 18 feet tall. Plant your pear tree in the spring after all danger of frost is past. Pear trees need another variety of pear close by in order to generate fruit. The fruit generally ripens in early fall. Pears are available in dwarf varieties as well as full-sized trees.
Pomegranates are grown as a tree or a large shrub. This deciduous plant bears fruit in the fall. The edible part of this fruit is the red, juicy seeds found inside the thick leather skin. Pomegranate is cold hardy to -7.78 degrees Celsius, according to the Texas Citrus website. Pomegranate needs full sun to flower and produce fruit. This tree produces a lot of suckers, and frequent pruning is required, especially if you're maintaining this plant as a tree. Pomegranate will tolerate wet soils, according to UC Davis Extension.
Golden yellow when ripe, quince fruit resembles a cross between an apple and pear. The trees grow to 15 feet tall and bear white or pink flowers in the spring. Quince can be eaten raw but is commonly used in jams, as it has a high pectin content. Quince prefers full sun and doesn't tolerate severe changes in temperature well but will grow in wet soils. You will need to plant two varieties of quince for fruit production, according to Cornell University.
Persimmon is a deciduous tree that grows 25 feet high upon maturity. The tree bears flowers in the spring, followed by a soft fruit that ripens from summer to fall depending on the variety. Persimmon tolerates wet soils due to its long tap root, but grows better in well-drained conditions, according to California Rare Fruit Growers. Plant your tree in full sun. Some varieties of persimmon self-pollinate, but others need an additional persimmon tree close by to bear fruit.
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