Designed by Jan Wilsgaard, the Volvo 850 is a compact executive car available in both sedan and estate car body styles. With features not previously offered in a Volvo, it was the first front-wheel drive Volvo exported to North America. One of several different engines can be found inside any given Volvo 850.
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B 5204 S Engine
Used in Volvo 850s every year from 1992 to 1994, the B 5204 S engine is a 5-cylinder 2.0-litre engine with four valves per cylinder. The compression ratio is 10.3 to 1 and its output is 143 horsepower at 6500rpm. Its max torque is 17.9 kpm at 3800rpm.
B 5254 Engine
The B 5254 S engine has a compression ratio of 10.5 to 1. The output of the non-turbo version is 170 horsepower at 6200rpm. It is a 5-cylinder, 2.5-litre engine with a max torque of 22.4 kpm at 3300rpm. A low-pressure turbo version of this engine was made, the B 5254 T, which had 190 horsepower.
B 5252 S Engine
Found in Volvo 850 cars produced in 1993 and 1994, the B 5252 S engine has a compression ratio of 10.0 to 1. It is a 5-cylinder, 2.5-litre engine with an output of 140 horsepower at 5400rpm and the max torque is 21.0 kpm at 3600rpm. This engine was used exclusively for the Canadian market.
B 5234 T Engine
This high-pressure turbo engine with increased boost can only be found in Volvo 850 cars produced in 1994. This 5-cylinder, 2.3-litre engine has a compression ratio of 8.5 to 1, with an output of 225 horsepower to 5280rpm. Its max torque is 30.6 kpm at 2000-5280 rpm.
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