Village population requirements

Written by daniel westlake
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Village population requirements
Villages and towns are often quite similar in terms of population. (village image by Sergey Dyadechkin from

There are very specific requirements to make a community a village rather than a town or city. This is often an issue of semantics, as there are often no limits on what designates the difference between a large village and large town in many countries.

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Population Number

Villages often have under 10,000 people in population, but are best with a minimum of 3,500 people. The population demographics should ideally reflect the national demographics of the country in which the village is located. In the United States, children ages 6-18 should make up about 20 per cent of the overall population. Sixteen per cent of the population should be over 65 years of age. At least half of the adults will be working every day. The more families and young people, the better for the energy and activity of the village.

Under 3,500 people

In villages of under 3,500 people, it becomes difficult to maintain a thriving local economy, as there are usually not enough visitors and customers for local businesses to stay healthy. Privacy in the town also suffers because everyone ends up knowing everyone else's business, which puts a strain on the social life of the village. Some small villages of this size are able to survive absolutely fine, but most need a larger population to create more business and local anonymity.

Over 10,000 People

In villages over 10,000 people, the bureaucracy becomes more difficult to manage and the leaders aren't as accessible to their constituents. Sprawl may become an issue as the community continues to grow and the village begins to take on the feeling of a town rather than the small, quaint village it once was. When a village grows in population over 10,000, it is on its way to becoming a town or bigger.

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