The dress code in Egypt is not as strict as it is in many Muslim countries. In smaller towns, most people wear clothing that falls past their knees and elbows, and women often cover their hair. In large cities like Cairo, people dress more like their counterparts in the United States or Europe. Since Egypt is a very hot place and is mostly desert, people tend to wear light, cotton clothing.
Most Egyptian women keep their shoulders, chest, stomach, and knees covered at all times. In smaller towns, many women wear traditional long, loosefitting gowns and cover their hair. When women approach a mosque or religious site, they must cover any bare skin and remove their shoes before entering. Many women who visit Egypt feel most comfortable dressing conservatively in long, loosefitting skirts and shirts with sleeves that fall past their elbows.
Most men in Egypt wear loosefitting trousers and shirts. T-shirts and polo shirts are generally acceptable. Wearing shorts that fall below the knee is acceptable in most modern cities. Shorts are not acceptable in mosques or religious sites. Some Egyptian men wear long robes that cover their bodies, but many do not.
Girls wear clothing similar to adult women's clothing. Many little girls wear long cotton skirts and shirts that cover their elbows. Boys usually wear long, loosefitting trousers and shirts much like adult men. If you are visiting Egypt with a child with blond hair, you may feel more comfortable covering his hair. Egyptians like to touch blond hair, and it's considered acceptable to do so.