Under normal circumstances jury duty is something a person must attend to be in accordance with state law. Business excuses are not valid, as employers must make arrangements for employees to attend jury duty. However, there are legitimate reasons why a person may not be able to be present for jury duty.
According to the The Harris County, Texas District Clerk's Office, you are not required to attend jury duty if you have a child under the age of 15 that will be left without adequate supervision in your absence. However, you must call the county clerk's office to let them know of your dilemma ahead of time, or else you could be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
If you are attending an institute of higher education, you are not required to attend jury duty. However, documentation of this may have to be provided depending on your county's regulations regarding the matter. While it is rare for the government to make this mistake, occasionally a child in public or secondary school may be called for jury duty. The parent or guardian of the child can remedy this by calling the county clerk's office and explaining the situation.
According to the Harris County, Texas District Clerk's Office you are not required to attend jury duty if you are currently the primary caretaker of an elderly or incapacitated person. While this is true, you still must call the county clerk's office ahead of time to explain your situation.
According to the United States District Court in Los Angeles, California you are not required to appear for jury duty if you have served on a jury in the last 12 months. This does not mean, however, that you were simply called for jury duty and not selected. To claim this excuse you would have had to have been selected, heard testimony and been part of the decision process.