Separate areas of the garden like perennials beds and vegetable gardens from other areas of the home to define the space. Living fences made from trees, shrubs and plants add another layer of beauty to the garden while providing a visually appealing display. Fences constructed from wood give structure to the garden and create a focal point to the space. They also provide a medium for growing creeping vines and plants.
Trees and bushes create "living walls" that help to separate the garden from other areas of the landscape. Evergreen shrubs like boxwood, holly and cypress retain their foliage colour year-round to ensure a burst of colour to the garden, even in winter. Grown in a wide range of shapes and sizes, evergreens with a vigorous or rapid growth rate quickly define the area. Perennial flowering shrubs like lilac, camellia and spiraea produce vibrant, showy blooms that provide a colourful screening display throughout spring and summer. Fall foliage on Japanese maple trees brings rich colours of reds, yellow, orange and purple to the garden. Some weeping Japanese maple varieties have a cascading, arching form that is ideal for separating patios and gardens while creating an attractive focal point in the landscape.
A pathway meandering through a garden creates a visual divider that doubles as a walkway to move from one area of the garden to another. Made from a wide range of materials like slate, flagstone, pebbles and brick, pathways also provide resting spots while pruning, watering and weeding the garden. Slate is a durable material to use as the garden divider. The rich greys, blues and purples found in the stone provide a visually stimulating divider and one that looks striking anywhere in the garden. Define the pathway even more by incorporating groundcovers like creeping thyme and cotoneaster.
Fences are a popular choice for separating the garden. Found in a wide range of different material including wood, plastic, wire and rock, fences provide a practical way to separate spaces like vegetable and herb gardens, especially if deer are a problem in the garden. Lattices along areas like walkways or between homes are ideal when you want to create minimal privacy yet provide adequate airflow and light to surrounding plants. They serve as an ideal structure for growing creeping vines like Carolina jasmine and vinca that can provide added privacy and colourful blooms. Solid fencing made from wood or plastic is durable and can be used throughout the garden, and as a place to attach birdhouses and flower-filled window boxes and pots. To ensure a solid fence does not overshadow other plants, limit the walls to the north side of the garden.