Joinery is the process of combining two or more pieces of wood together without nails, bolts or screws. Table tops, butcher blocks and timber-framed trusses are all examples of where joinery is used. Joinery tools help woodworkers create these precise joints, creating a super strong connection that outlasts any screw or nail.
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A hand plane is used to shave the wood by pushing the hand plane over the surface of the wood. The sharp blade is located in the middle of the hand plane, and can be adjusted to take off less or more of a shaving. This tool is used to make sure the edges are perfectly flat on two pieces of wood before joining them together to form one piece. This tool can also be used to match the profiles on moulding and trim that is no longer available for sale.
The biscuit joiner makes a slot into both pieces that are to be joined in the same location on each piece. An ovular piece of wood called a biscuit is placed into the slot on one side and glued into place. The two pieces are then clamped together while the glue drys. This forms a very strong bond and creates a solid, flat piece. This is often used to join pieces of wood for table tops and solid wood cabinet doors.
The wood chisel is used in timber framing to make joints by hand. Using a mallet with the wood chisel takes out chunks of wood that are shaped to allow another piece to slide into place. Adjustments are made with the chisel if the two pieces do not exactly line up.
A router is a power tool that is used for shaping the edges of wood for decorative purposes or joinery. The joinery bits cut a profiled edge that matches another bit's profiled edge so the two pieces can be joined together. This is typically used to make furniture and cabinets.
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