The Parts of a Rose Plant

Written by nicole carlin
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The Parts of a Rose Plant
Learn the parts of a rose (Rose Rose image by Jan Wowra, Frankfurt from

Horticulture is the science of plant and flowers, their reproduction and their various parts. Learning the parts of the rose allows you to explore the reproductive systems of the plant. Garden enthusiasts take care to learn not only what nurtures the plant to grow, but also all the parts that make up a particular plant. Learning the anatomy of roses is of particular importance to rose breeders.


The sepals of a rose are the green petals that cover the petals before they bloom full. Sepals protect the rose bloom from the elements while the bloom is developing and spread out towards the floor when the rose blooms. Sepals attract pollinators to the blossom with their scent.


The petals of a rose are soft to the touch and come in various shades of pink, red, orange and white. Rose petals have a signature smell that is converted to expensive perfume and essential oils. Rose petals attract pollinators, such as bees, with their colours and sweet scent.

Female Sexual Parts

The female sexual parts of a rose are the stigma, style, ovary and ovule. The stigma is the fat globe at that sticks out of the top of a rose and is the place where the pollen is deposited. The pollen travels down from the stigma, through the long tube that the stigma is attached to called the style. The pollen enters the ovary at the base of the style. The female parts are collectively known as the pistil of the rose.

Male Sexual Parts

The male sexual parts of the rose are the anthers and filament. The filament is the long stem inside the rose that supports the anther. Anthers create the reproductive pollen, which is distributed to the female parts of the rose through the pollination process involving bees and birds. The male parts of the rose are collectively named the stamen.

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