For a child, learning about the parts of a flower and how they are necessary to the plant's survival can spur an avid interest in botany, nature, and the sciences. Explaining the basic parts of the flower and what they do is an interesting lesson for children, and it is not complicated to grasp if you explain the flower parts using basic terminology and language that makes sense to them.
The stamen is one of the most important parts of a flower, and it is considered the “boy” or male part. The stamen contains two parts: the anthers and the filaments. The anthers are typically yellow or sometimes orange in colour, and they hold the pollen, which is a powdery kind of dust that helps the flower produce blooms, seeds, or fruit.. The filaments are stringlike fibres that hold up the anthers, and they can be as skinny as a strand of hair. Typically, the flower has the same number of petals as it has stamens, according to the Grower Flowers website.
The female or the “girl” part of the flower is the pistil, shown on the Great Plant Escape website. The pistil has three parts to it: the stigma, style, and ovary. The pollen grains germinate (begin to grow) on the sticky portion at the top of the stigma. The stigma also captures the pollen and makes it stay on the anthers. The style section of the flower looks like a tiny straw and supports the stigma. At the bottom of the style is a section that holds the seeds (or ovules) that make the fruit we eat; this special holding place is the ovary.
The petals are the pretty, coloured portion of the flowers. The beauty of the petals is the main reason people love to grow or purchase flowers. It is also the reason that bees and other pollinating insects and birds are attracted to the flower in the first place. Pollination happens when the wind or an insect carries the pollen from the girl part of the flower (pistil) to the boy part (stamen). This action starts the process of making more blooms, seeds, or fruit.
The sepals are the leaf or green portions of the flower. They give the flower an additional colour, but their most important job is to protect the flower bud before it blooms.