When choosing a career, different types of work environments must be taken into consideration. Physically demanding jobs, for example, are simply not an option for some workers. If you prefer a less labour-intensive work environment, a sedentary career can offer many career paths, depending on your skill set and education.
Accountants keep track of financial records and documents for clients, which could include private individuals, businesses and the federal government. Accountants also provide tax preparation services for individuals and businesses. When a business needs to identify inefficiencies to save money, they often call an accountant. Some accountants assist with white collar crime investigations such as tax fraud, embezzlement and money laundering. Accounting jobs are expected to grow 22 per cent between 2008 and 2018. A 4-year degree in accounting, business administration or a related field is required to break into the industry.
Software Engineer and Programmer
Software engineers and programmers have different but related roles in the field of software development. Software engineers design step-by-step instructions for solving computer problems, also called "algorithms." Programmers then implement solutions by translating instructions into one of several programming languages, such as C++, Java or Python. Generally speaking, programmers need extensive knowledge of several programming languages to enter the profession, while software engineers need at least a 4-year degree in computer science. Programming and software engineering jobs are expected to grow by 21 per cent between 2008 and 2018.
A secretary's job is to make appointments, sort files, take phone calls and perform other administrative tasks needed in a typical office setting. As technology has enabled many such roles to be automated, the secretary's role has evolved to include more managerial tasks that require specialised knowledge and expertise. Legal secretaries, for example, prepare important documents such as summonses, motions and complaints. When a new lawyer joins a firm, it is often to the secretary's job to teach the new lawyer how to prepare such documents properly. A high school diploma qualifies you to be a secretary, although it helps to have a 2-year degree. Secretarial jobs are expected to increase by 11 per cent between 2008 and 2018.
Trucks drivers play an important role in the economy transporting goods from warehouses to retail locations. "Long haul" drivers drive trucks and vans, with at least 11794kg capacity, on routes that span several states. "Pickup and delivery" drivers operate smaller vehicles with lighter loads within one city or region. Federal regulations limit long haul drivers to a 60-hour work week. Pickup and delivery drivers can work more than 50 hours per week. Truck driving requires a clean driving record and appropriate license. Jobs are expected to grow 9 per cent between 2008 and 2018.