Delivery drivers can include workers who deliver cargo, consumer goods or even personal packages. Some delivery drivers are also sales reps, such as drivers of bread or pastry products. Delivery drivers are sometimes required to complete classroom training in which they learn how to properly inspect freight and calculate weight. Depending on the weight and size of their trucks, many delivery drivers must have a commercial driver's license (CDL) to operate their particular vehicle.
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Delivery truck drivers must be at least 18 years old to operate in most states. Delivery truck drivers who cross state lines are usually required to be 21, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics' "Occupational Outlook Handbook: 2010 to 2011 Edition" at bls.gov. Some trucking firms prefer that their drivers are 22 with several years of driving experience.
Most delivery drivers must pass a physical every two years to meet the following standards: 20/40 vision with correction, 70-degree peripheral vision, ability to distinguish traffic light colours, full use of arms and legs, and normal blood pressure. People who use insulin to treat epilepsy or diabetes are not allowed to deliver out of state.
Delivery drivers must be self-motivated because they spend many hours on the road, and some sell products and work on commission. For example, a frozen foods delivery driver will make a certain percentage off what residential customers purchase. Therefore, he needs to manage his time and push himself to make as many sales calls each day as possible.
The minimum requirements for most delivery drivers is that they speak and read English. Delivery drivers encounter many road signs, almost all of which are in English. Delivery drivers must be able to obey the speed limit and understand certain road hazards as listed on signs. Additionally, delivery drivers need good communication skills to talk to customers, explain delivery procedures and complete paperwork. Occasionally, delivery drivers will need to communicate with police officers about crimes they witness.
Delivery drivers need to be well-organised. Some drivers have dozens of deliveries to make each day. These drivers need to plan their route each day, plugging addresses into GPS (global positioning system) devices so they can complete each delivery more efficiently. Delivery drivers must also know how much time to allocate for each delivery, including driving time, unloading and paperwork.
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