According to Pet Education.com, cats can develop cancer in any body system or any organ in the body. Some types of cancer that occur in cats are slow growing and some may be more aggressive. The type of treatment is dependent upon the type of cancer the cat is battling.
Lymphoma is a type of cancer that occurs in the lymphoid tissues of the body. Lymphoma usually appears in cats that are over 9 years of age and affects male and female cats equally. The treatment of choice in cats that develop lymphoma is chemotherapy, which is usually administered by a veterinary oncologist and done on an outpatient basis.
Chemotherapy treatment in cats usually consists of several drugs such as doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisone which are given over the course of many weeks. Chemotherapy is often successful in helping cats reach a remission in symptoms. According to Pet Education.com, approximately 70 per cent of all cats with lymphoma respond well to chemotherapy treatment. Chemotherapy for cats with lymphoma can be costly. According to Cost Helper.com, the average claim for cats with lymphoma is approximately £282.7.
Mammary cancer is less common in cats than dogs, striking approximately one in 4,000 cats, states Pet Education.com. However, if mammary cancer does occur in cats, it is most often malignant. The treatments for mammary cancer in cats is most successful if the cancer is detected in the early stages. Removal of the tumour is recommended if the tumour is easily accessible and many veterinarians remove the entire mammary gland chain because these types of tumours are highly aggressive and spread quickly.
Chemotherapy is also used in cats with mammary cancer and can increase the chances of the cat's survival if used in combination with surgical removal of the tumour. Chemotherapy drugs such as mitoxantrone, cytoxan and adriamycin are often the drugs used to treat this type of cancer in cats. Chemotherapy treatment is generally well tolerated by cats. Cats with mammary cancer are usually referred to a veterinary oncologist for chemotherapy treatment, which administers the treatments in the veterinary clinic, on an outpatient basis.Cats that have small mammary tumours have the best prognosis if detected in the early stages. Cats that have larger tumours or are not diagnosed until the later stages of the disease, often die within one year of diagnosis. The cost of this type of treatment may be high. According to Cost Helper.com, the average price of tumour removal in cats is approximately £325.00. Chemotherapy can range from £130.00 to over £1,300.00 depending on the length of treatment.
Squamous Cell Tumor
Cats can develop a tumour known as the squamous cell tumour. This tumour is most often seen in the mouth, nose, skin and ears. White cats that are exposed to the sun may be at an increased risk of developing this type of cancer. The treatment for squamous cell cancer in cats may include surgery to remove the tumour and the tissues in the areas surrounding the tumour. Squamous cell tumours are aggressive, but do not usually metastasise quickly, making surgical removal successful in most cases. The cost for tumour removal in cats begins at £325.00 and goes up if the tumour is in a difficult to reach area of the body, states Cost Helper.com. Cats that have squamous cell tumours that metastasise, may need to seek treatment from a veterinary oncologist for further treatment options.