Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages

Written by dan stone | 13/05/2017
Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
One of the uses of IDE and SATA is to connect hard drives to computers (Computer Drive image by pg003 from Fotolia.com)

SATA and IDE are two connection types computers use to connect to devices such as hard drives and disc drives. SATA, being the newer technology of the two, performs better than IDE in most areas of comparison. However, computers often support both connections and there are advantages to having support for both.

Speed

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
SATA devices are faster than IDE devices. (speed image by Kevin Chesson from Fotolia.com)

The fastest IDE devices are able to transfer data at 133 Megabytes per second (MBps) while SATA I, II and III are able to transfer data at 150 Mpbs, 300 MBps, and 600 MBps respectively. Additionally, SATA devices get an individual cable so they don't have to share bandwidth like IDE devices that are sharing a cable. However, the speed difference between SATA I and IDE is relatively small. Additionally, an optical disc drive or hard drive may not be fast enough to take advantage of SATA's higher speed and IDE may be sufficient for the device's use.

Jumpers

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
The jumpers are located on the left side of this device. (ide Anschluss festplatte image by pmphoto from Fotolia.com)

IDE devices have jumpers the computer uses to differentiate between multiple devices sharing a cable. The devices need to be configured as "slave" and "master" in order for both devices to work. SATA devices use their own cables so there is no need for jumpers with the technology.

Cable Size

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
IDE cables are substantially wider than SATA cables. (ide closeup image by .shock from Fotolia.com)

While IDE devices use a 40-pin connection, SATA devices use a seven-pin connection. The fewer number of pins makes the SATA cable significantly smaller. The SATA International Organization argues that the smaller SATA cable makes it easier to navigate the cable between connections and helps improve airflow in the computer.

Cable Count

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
IDE cables can connect two devices to the computer. (nappe ide Sur un cd image by Thierry Hoarau from Fotolia.com)

IDE devices require fewer cables than SATA devices because the IDE cables can connect to two devices.

Power Requirements

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
A Molex to SATA power converter looks like this. (SATA power connector. Close up. Isolated on a white background. image by Andrey Khritin from Fotolia.com)

SATA devices use less electricity than IDE devices. Additionally, certain adaptors that change a Molex (the power connection for IDE devices) connection in to SATA power connection may connect to two SATA devices. Some SATA devices are compatible with Molex power.

Current Technology

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
This hard drive supports only SATA connections. (hard disk image by dinostock from Fotolia.com)

While a wide number of devices use IDE connections, as of June 2010, the commercial availability of such devices is diminishing. Additionally, the faster and larger modern hard drives are only available with SATA connections and Blu-ray drives are only available in SATA.

Legacy Support

Sata vs. ide: advantages & disadvantages
A CD-ROM drive like this will not read data any faster with a SATA connection instead of an IDE connection. (cd-rom image by Falk from Fotolia.com)

While newer technology prefers SATA connections, IDE is compatible with older devices. An adaptor is needed to connect an IDE device to a SATA connection. IDE can be useful to attach an old hard drive or disc drive to the computer. Additionally, using an IDE connection to connect a slower device can free up a SATA connection for use by another device.

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