Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits

Written by angela libal Google
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Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
More than one medication at a time is often needed to treat rabbit ear infections. (floppy eared rabbits image by Ken Marshall from

Medications are prescribed to treat ear infections in rabbits caused by bacteria, protozoa, and mites. More than one organism is often present in a rabbit ear infection. The veterinarian will likely perform a culture and sensitivity test on exudates from the rabbit's ear before prescribing medication, because many strains of bacteria are resistant to certain drugs. The veterinarian will treat symptoms as well as the underlying cause to reduce discomfort and secondary damage.

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Baytril is the trade name for enrofloxacin, a fluoroquinolone antibiotic (a synthetic drug similar to quinine). It is usually the first antibiotic prescribed to rabbits because it is non-toxic and rarely has side effects. Many of the bacteria that cause rabbit ear infections are resistant to enrofloxacin. It is administered by injection or flavoured drops.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Baytril is safe for rabbits but may not be effective for ear infections. (rabbit image by Henryk Olszewski from


Ciprofloxacin is very similar to enrofloxacin, but fewer bacterial strains are resistant to it. It is administered orally or by injection.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Ciprofloxacin is similar to Baytril. (rabbit image by Allyson Ricketts from


Bicillin is an antibiotic made of penicillin G procaine mixed with benzathine, a drug that slows uptake into the rabbit's system. Most penicillins are fatally toxic to rabbits, but Bicillin is safe. It is usually injected.

Bicillin is a rabbit-safe penicillin.
Bicillin is a rabbit-safe penicillin. (rabbit image by Han van Vonno from


Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is administered topically or by injection. Many bacteria are resistant to it, and side effects may include liver, kidney, blood, and bone marrow damage.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Chloramphenicol is not usually the antibiotic of choice. (Rabbit image by Andrew Real from


Aminoglycosides are antibiotics made of sugars derived from certain bacteria. They interfere with bacterial reproduction. They are administered topically and by injection. Oral administration is ineffective for treating ear infections. Some bacterial strains are resistant.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Aminoglycosides prevent bacteria from replicating. (begging rascally rabbit image by Rheamy Higgins from


Panacure is a common anti-parasite drug used to treat infections caused by the protozoal parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi. This parasite infests rabbits' ears and goes on to cause extensive brain damage. Panacure is administered as an oral paste and may cause loose stool.

Panacure treats protozoal parasite infections.
Panacure treats protozoal parasite infections. (small rabbit image by Vera Kailova from


Ivermectin, trade names Stromectol, Mectizan, and Ivexterm, is an antiparasite medication used to treat ear mites in rabbits. It is usually administered by injection. It is important to also treat ear mite-infested rabbits for secondary bacterial infections.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Ivermectin treats ear mite infections. (rabbit in flowers image by Julia Britvich from


Corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation associated with ear infections in rabbits. Reducing inflammation relieves discomfort and symptoms such as ataxia (falling over) and head tilt, and speeds healing by increasing blood and air flow to the area. Corticosteroids are injected or applied topically.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Corticosteroids reduce inflammation and associated symptoms. (Gray Rabbit 2 image by Claudiu Badea from


Meclizine is an antihistamine and anti-nausea drug. It relieves the vertigo and nausea caused by ear infections and allows the rabbit to continue eating and drinking during an ear infection.

Medications for Ear Infections in Rabbits
Meclizine helps rabbits live normal lives during ear infection treatment. (rabbit image by Mirek Hejnicki from

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