What are the Duties & Responsibilities of a Security Guard?

Written by raven king
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  • Introduction

    What are the Duties & Responsibilities of a Security Guard?

    If you are considering a career as a security guard, your specific duties and responsibilities can vary from the companies that hire you. However, there are overall duties for which every security guard should be prepared.

    Some security guard jobs will have you remain static (stay in one position), while others will have you patrol (usually walk the perimeter). Those are the two main types of security guard duties. (sheriff image by Empath from Fotolia.com)

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    As a security guard you will be asked to protect something. You will be protecting a building or a person from harm and criminal activity. Some employers will ask that you be armed. You will need to fill out the necessary paperwork to get a gun and holster if this is the case. Sometimes your presence is enough to deter criminal activity and protect a property or person.

    You will need a cell phone or radio with you to summon police, fire or ambulance quickly. (protection de l"avenir image by iMAGINE from Fotolia.com)

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    Observing is an important responsibility. You might be asked to carry binoculars and use them if you see any movement or anything suspicious. You will need to observe what you are protecting. Should anything criminal should occur you will need to call the police and perhaps interview witnesses.

    In observing, you could be the only witness (or deterrent) to a criminal activity. This would be useful in any investigation. (binoculars image by dwags from Fotolia.com)

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    Monitoring surveillance cameras for suspicious activities, usually in a place of business, is part of a security guard's duty. Security guards often monitor several surveillance televisions at one time that are recording activities inside and directly outside of the business.

    If you see anything suspicious you would be asked to contact the local authorities. (video surveillance image by Bruno Bernier from Fotolia.com)

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    You will need to keep a log and report anything suspicious, along with the day and time. Some will ask that you write your report at the end of your shift, while others will ask you to write down anything suspicious right after it happens.

    Ensure you write down accurate times and dates. (closeup notepad and pen image by sarit saliman from Fotolia.com)

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    Many security guards are assigned to inspect people's bags as they enter a place of business or pass through a particular checkpoint. For example, a security guard at a bagging checkpoint in an airport will inspect bags through an X-ray machine.

    You will be looking for anything suspicious, usually something that could be used to harm another person. Your employer usually provides a list of items not allowed in the building. (5 bags image by Aleksey Bakaleev from Fotolia.com)

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    Some security guards are asked to remain in one place, to protect a jewellery display for example. Others are asked to walk the perimeter of a building (patrol). While patrolling you will need to make sure there are no changes to the building. The windows, doors and general area should appear the same as they were when you got there.

    Observation is an important responsibility in patrolling. (soldier patrol image by FotoWorx from Fotolia.com)

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    Answer Alarms

    If a security, fire or car alarm sounds, you will be responsible for checking out why. You will have to inspect the area and call in police, fire or ambulance when needed.

    Alarms help by alerting security guards that something is wrong. It is your duty to inspect the problem. (fire alarm image by Tammy Mobley from Fotolia.com)

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