List and Explain Three Types of Looms Used in Weaving

Written by alina mckee
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List and Explain Three Types of Looms Used in Weaving
A four-harness loom is large and can take up an entire room. (hand weaving loom image by green 308 from

There are four types of weaving looms: the frame loom, rigid heddle loom, four-harness loom and tapestry loom. Each loom has their own uses and various parts that set it apart from other types of looms. To decide which one is best for your needs, you need to be aware of the differences.

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Frame Loom

A frame loom is the most basic out of the four types of looms. It is a wooden frame with only four components: the warp bar, heddles, heddle rod and shed stick. This small loom is used for the most simplistic of weaving work since you have to add tension to the threads by hand. The upside is that this loom is small, inexpensive and stores easily.

Rigid Heddle Loom

A rigid heddle loom is a little more complicated than the frame loom. It has nine different components, including a ratchet, pawl, apron bars and a cloth beam. This type of loom, unlike a frame loom, has rigid heddles to better keep threads stationary during the weaving process. The downside to this type of loom is that there are always six or eight warp threads, which don't allow for much flexibility.

Four-Harness Loom

A four-harness loom is the largest type of loom. It contains more than 15 types of components, including a beater, ratchets and leavers. These extra components give the weaver the most flexibility and control over the weave. It is best for creating large amounts of fabric quickly since spacing of the weave is more automated. The downside to this type of loom is that it is very large and could easily take up an entire room, depending on the manufacturer.

List and Explain Three Types of Looms Used in Weaving
A four-harness loom has a beater, which presses down the weave evenly (Altes Handwerk image by Gudrun Vehlen from

Tapestry Loom

A tapestry loom is an upright loom that is designed specifically for creating tapestries. The upright design includes nine components including a heddle rod, a warp beam and apron bars. There is little automation in this type of loom because tapestries are made section by section by hand. The purpose of this loom is to hold the warp threads in a vertical position while the weaver works.

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