Radiography is the process of using X-rays to analyse and study the inner structure of a material or an organism. It is used in fields like archaeology, security, food inspection and medicine.
Radiography is used extensively in the medical field to assess and diagnose diseases. It accurately pinpoints underlying conditions, such as spinal trauma, developmental disorders, cancer, broken bones and dental problems. It allows physicians to isolate and treat detected infections and/or abnormalities.
Radiography is a nondestructive method of providing a permanent record of hidden and otherwise invisible structures/elements of a substance. It is used in industrial applications to detect volumetric flaws, such as solid inclusions, gas pores and voids.
Pictorial Presentation of Information
Radiography accurately details structures within structures, such as tumours or fractures on a skeleton, and presents findings in pictorial form. It is widely used in the archaeological analysis of materials such as wrapped artefacts, coffins and mummy bundles.
Radiography is portable and can be used to scan materials on-site. This is an advantage for historians, anthropologists and archaeologists, who need to study and verify mummified and skeletal remains and/or artefacts at their site of recovery.
One of the most significant advantages of radiography is its versatility. It is able to examine many sizes, shapes and types of objects. It is used in testing sources of power generation, in the inspection of aerospace components (such as aircraft engines) and the inspection of petrochemical plants (to detect erosion, corrosion, degradation and other conditions). Radiography is also used to inspect plastics, propellants, rubber, ceramics, concrete, graphite, explosives and various other nonmetal materials used in the electronics industry. It is used by law enforcement agencies to detect hidden weapons and contraband and to examine explosive devices such as projectiles and shells. Radiography is used to examine foreign objects in food and to detail objects of art and those of historical value.