Indian food includes several unique preparations that are popular in the country. Some types of Indian food include ghee, tandoor-baked food, shish kebabs, curries, chai tea, samosas and breads such as nan, roti and dosas.
Ghee, clarified butter, is a common ingredient in Indian cuisine. The butter is melted until clear and provides flavour to many Indian dishes. According to the University of Oregon, ghee is more expensive than vegetable oil and is easier to preserve than nonclarified butter.
Tandoor-baked foods are also common in India. A Tandoor is a clay oven that allows food to be cooked at very high temperatures. Tandoor-cooked meats such as chicken, lamb, and goat are a component of many Indian dishes.
Shish kebabs are commonly used in Indian cuisine. Shish kebabs involve meat chunks as well as vegetables such as onions, tomatoes, and peppers impaled on a skewer. Many vegetables used in kebabs originated in the Americas, so they are recent additions to Indian cuisine.
Curries are one of the most well-known Indian foods. A curry is a type of sauce that vegetables and meats are mixed into. It contains many spices, usually including turmeric and coriander.
Chai tea is a unique component of Indian food. It is a type of Darjeeling tea. It is combined with other ingredients such as milk to make mixed beverages.
Samosas are another popular Indian food. Samosas are fried flour dumplings containing a filling. Vegetable samosas commonly use potatoes as a filling, and meat samosas may include sheep or goat meat. Samosas can include other vegetables such as peas and onions. The dumplings are compact and easily transportable, so it's common for street vendors to sell them.
Breads are an Indian favourite. Nan bread is a fried flour bread that may also contain vegetables and meat depending on the recipe. Nan bread includes rising agents that make it puffy. Roti is another flat bread made from wheat flour. Dosas are a flat bread made from a mixture of rice and lentils. These are sometimes folded around a filling such as potatoes or vegetables.
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