Advantages & Disadvantages of In Vitro Fertilization

Written by cadence johansen
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Advantages & Disadvantages of In Vitro Fertilization
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Infertility is a common, but devastating problem that affects both men and women. According the Department of Health and Human Services, in the United States, 10 per cent of women of child-bearing age have a difficult time conceiving or staying pregnant. When these difficulties arise in women who have blocked or damaged Fallopian tubes, in-vitro fertilisation can be a solution.

As with any infertility treatment, there are advantages and disadvantages of in-vitro fertilisation.

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Ability to Conceive

The most obvious advantage of in-vitro fertilisation is that is allows women who may not normally be able to conceive to get pregnant. Although this treatment option is not perfect, the success rate of in-vitro fertilisation is about 25 per cent as of 2010.

No Long-term Effects

Children who are born via in-vitro fertilisation suffer no long-term effects. This is encouraging to parents who have had difficulty conceiving, but worry about how in-vitro fertilisation may affect the foetus.

Drug Treatment Effects

Women undergoing in-vitro fertilisation treatment undergo hormone therapy and drug treatments. There are side effects to these treatments, some of which may require a hospital stay. Talk to your doctor for more information about these risks.

Ectopic Pregnancy

In-vitro fertilisation presents a higher risk of ectopic pregnancy. This type of pregnancy can result in death if untreated. It occurs when an embryo becomes implanted in the Fallopian tubes or abdominal cavity.

Multiple Pregnancies

During an in-vitro procedure, multiple embryos are implanted into the mother's uterus. This increases the chances that the procedure will result in a multiples pregnancy. Though considered a blessing by some, a multiples pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage and premature birth.


In-vitro fertilisation can be expensive. The average cost of a procedure is more than £7,800, and its success is not guaranteed. While many couples consider this a small price to pay to conceive a child, the cost of the procedure may discourage or prohibit others from this option.

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