Benefits & Disadvantages of Wearing School Uniforms

Updated April 17, 2017

School uniforms and dress codes represent a controversial issue in many schools. Requiring students to wear certain clothes may help reduce distractions and improve school safety, but school uniforms also risk compromising student individuality. Parents and educators should carefully weigh the pros and cons of school uniforms when deciding whether to implement them in their school.

Reduce Distractions

School uniforms help reduce the distractions of provocative or inappropriate clothing, which can help students focus more on learning.

Improve Student Equality

School uniforms can promote a more equal environment in school by limiting socioeconomic differences between students. This may reduce bullying, cliques and teasing, which can also help students focus better on learning.

Improve School Safety

Proponents of school uniforms argue that they improve school safety. For example, school uniforms can help prevent gang formation and limit gang expression, reduce the risk of students getting robbed and help students and educators identify trespassers.

Limit Student Individuality

School uniforms limit students' ability to express themselves through their attire and accessories. Although school uniforms may improve discipline or safety, compromising student individuality may not be a sacrifice schools want to make. According to psychologist Dr. Alan Hilfer, "Clothes are a source of expression for children, and as kids get older, they become increasingly resentful of uniforms."

Cost of Uniforms

School uniforms may not be inexpensive, and since most students want normal clothing to wear when socialising with friends outside of school, parents may actually need to buy two separate wardrobes. Students who are growing quickly may find uniforms especially expensive.

Limitations of Student Equality through Uniforms

School uniforms may not successfully create an atmosphere of student equality. Even if all students are wearing the same clothes, students may be able to express their socioeconomic status through their accessories, shoes or hairstyles. Moreover, students often see each other outside of school, especially older students. Although school uniforms may make socioeconomic differences less obvious, it seems unlikely that they will erase differences altogether.

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About the Author

Rebekah Richards is a professional writer with work published in the "Atlanta Journal-Constitution," "Brandeis University Law Journal" and online at She graduated magna cum laude from Brandeis University with bachelor's degrees in creative writing, English/American literature and international studies. Richards earned a master's degree at Carnegie Mellon University.