A medical suction machine is a tool used to drain fluids from the body. It creates a partial vacuum that is pressed into the area of the body that needs something drained out. Medical suction has been in use in for almost a century. It is not uncommon to find suction devices performing life-saving procedures.
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Use in the Respiratory System
A suction machine can be used to remove unwanted fluids, such as mucus and serum. Suction machines are also used in tracheotomy. This is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made into the patient’s neck into the trachea. The primary aim of this procedure is to remove secretions from the lungs. Advances in the field of surgery have made it possible for patients undergoing a tracheotomy to be discharged earlier from the hospital after the procedure, in part thanks to use of suction machines. Patients who undergo a tracheotomy need to have suction to maintain the clarity of the airways. With modern technological advances, a home suction machine can be used to maintain clarity in the airways easily, without a need to go to the hospital.
Suction machines are also used to remove fluids or unwanted objects from the stomach in a procedure known as gastric suction. This machine can be lifesaving for a patient who has ingested poison or who has a bowel obstruction. Other uses include keeping the stomach and/or intestine relaxed after a surgery and during colon cancer treatment.
In 2006, a team of doctors from Rush University Medical Center devised a method of using suction technology to remove clots in the brain that could result from an ischemic stroke. Called the Penumbra System, this method uses the elementary technique of suction in a more technologically advanced state to locate the clot and suck it out. This is an improved method of saving lives, as the machine can treat patients even after the critical first three hours of a stroke.
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