There are several types of hair brush bristles designed for different hair types and styling needs. For instance, paddle brushes use different bristles than round Italian wood brushes. Each style of brush and its particular bristles are designed for a specific purpose.
Nylon & Plastic Bristles
The most common brush bristles you'll find on inexpensive, multipurpose brushes are made of nylon or plastic. These bristles sometimes protrude from a soft, cushioned bristle bed. Plastic and nylon bristles can scratch your scalp, so look for ones that have tiny balls attached to each bristle end to prevent scraping the scalp with the sharp edges. Most nylon- and plastic-bristle hairbrushes can be used on an everyday basis to detangle, style, backcomb, add lift to and smooth out dry hair. Avoid brushes that have half the bristles shorter and half longer--these tend to rip and tear the hair.
Boar bristles are harvested from the necks of wild boars and, after disinfection, are used in more the expensive hairbrushes. According to bewellstaywell.com, some boar bristles are manufactured to be some of the softest bristles available. They're so soft, in fact, that most people with thick hair probably won't find much success with them. These are a good choice for people whose hair is extremely thin or who have a sensitive scalp, such as older people.
Other boar bristles, especially the black ones, are stiff and coarse and are used to detangle thicker hair and to remove dirt and grime from the hair and scalp. Sometimes boar and plastic bristles are combined in one brush; this would be a great everyday brush.
Tourmaline bristles are a more recent option. These are often used on round brushes and are designed to work with the heat from your hair dryer when you style your hair.
According to folica.com, tourmaline bristles inject moisture into your hair as you brush. People generally use tourmaline hairbrushes when they blow dry their hair to eliminate the need for a flatiron, as the tourmaline bristles can help straighten hair as it dries. Tourmaline bristles aren't just for straightening, however. They also reduce static and frizz in difficult-to-tame hair.
Wire-bristle hairbrushes are very strong and best suited for those with thick and curly hair. Be sure the ends of each bristle is covered with a tiny ball to prevent hair and scalp damage.
According to bestgroomingtools.com, the bristles of a wood-bristle hairbrush are made of natural hardwood that are rounded on the ends. They don't generate static electricity, they stimulate the scalp during brushing and they are recommended for people with long, thick hair. Oftentimes wooden bristle brushes are handcrafted, so are more expensive than ordinary plastic or nylon brushes.
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