Evergreen bushes are used as ornamental plants as they maintain their foliage year-round. Bushes that produce red berries attract many species of birds and butterflies. Different types of evergreen bushes thrive in different parts of the country, so they should be chosen according to the USDA hardiness zones.
Checkerberry (Gaultheria procumbens L.)
This evergreen shrub has glossy dark green leaves and in summer is adorned with solitary flowers that sometimes form small clusters. Scarlet aromatic fruits follow the flowers and they are often present until spring. The bushes reach 1 to 3 feet and they tolerate shade well, even though flowers need direct sunlight to bloom. Checkerberry extract is used for flavouring medicines, teas and chewing gum.
Pyracantha (Pyracantha sp.)
Pyracantha, also known as "burning bush", is an evergreen plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. It is an ornamental plant, valued in hedges and gardens for its flowers and fruit colours. Its structure is very dense and the large thorns are useful when creating crossed hedging. The dense structure makes this shrub suitable for espaliering against walls. Pyracantha has oval glossy dark green leaves and the flowers bloom in cream white clusters. The fruits are bright red, sometimes orange, and they attract birds. The bushes need deep regular watering and they prefer soils with good drainage.
Red Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
Bearberry is a shrub of the Ericaceae family, with evergreen leaves, small white or pink bell flowers and red berries when ripe. The fruit is a drupe eaten by bears, hence the name of the plant. The berries are highly decorative and they attract wildlife, such as birds. The bearberry in colder climates and it prefers dry and acidic soils. This type of bush should not be fertilised and its USDA hardiness zones are 2 to 6. The berries have medicinal uses and they are used in alternative treatments of bladder problems.
Yew (Taxus Baccata)
A yew bush is a slow-growing evergreen plant that belongs to the Taxaceae family and can live up to 1,000 years. It is a used in landscaping as a hedge plant. The best soil for it should be moist and the yew grows well in shady location. Yew bushes need careful pruning twice a year for controlling their shape. They require very little maintenance, as they are very resistant to diseases and insects.