The main function of the human skeleton is to provide support to the body, protect the internal organs and provide movement to the body. A human adult skeleton contains 206 bones in the body to make up the skeletal system. Studying the human skeleton through various science projects helps students understand how the human body supports itself and moves. Students can conduct different types of projects with a skeleton depending on the grade level and requirement for the science class.
Bones of the Body
Identify and locate all of the bones composing the human body for your science project. Using a life-size plastic skeleton, label the bones using stickers. Use small coloured stickers in which you can write the names of each bone. Label 206 stickers with each of the bone names. Place the stickers on the appropriate bone. Prepare a poster board with a summary of the human skeletal system.
Skeletal Joint Project
Using a life-size replica of the human skeleton, create a science project to review and discuss how joints in the human body restrict and allow movement. Locate all the joints on the skeleton and label the joints. Prepare a poster board presentation with detailed images describing the three major types of joints in the body, fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial joints.
Measure objects using the human body
Conduct a science experiment using a life-size plastic human skeleton to measure different objects. Historically, human skeletons have served as a type of measuring tool. For instance, a cubit is the length from the elbow to the fingertips, a fathom is the length of arms outstretched, and a pace is a walking step. Bring in the skeleton for a demonstration on how to measure objects. Prepare a poster board presentation with background information on the use of the human skeleton for measurements.
Observe a life-size human skeleton and create your own skeleton using macaroni for your science project. Get some black construction paper and clear glue. Obtain Lima beans for the head, thorax and hip bones, short macaroni for the spine, spiral macaroni for the arms and legs, elbow macaroni for the ribs, small shells for the joints, wheel macaroni for the head and spaghetti for the fingers and toes. Construct the macaroni skeleton and label all of the major bones.