An egg drop project in a science classroom not only demonstrates team work abilities but teaches physics principles. An egg drop project requires students to build a structure around a raw egg that will protect it from a fall with different materials and can be done by one person or as a group project.
Assembling and constructing an egg drop project from plastic bags may seem simple-minded, but the theory behind it works well. Fill five sandwich-sized plastic bags with packing peanuts or rice puff cereal. Place a raw egg in the centre of one of the sandwich bags. Place the five pre-filled sandwich bags inside a 1-gallon plastic bag. Place the bag with the egg in the centre of the other four bags. Place more cereal or packing peanuts in the 1-gallon bag, as needed, to fill space. Release the 1-gallon bag from the drop point your teacher has arranged.
Styrofoam is used as a shock absorbent material for many different items and can be used the same way when constructing your egg drop structure. You can use styrofoam cups in your structure to absorb the shock of the fall and serve as a cradle or basket to hold and protect the egg. Styrofoam cups can be used in different ways for an egg drop structure and will keep your egg from cracking or breaking if construction is executed properly. It may take you several tries before you arrange the styrofoam and egg correctly so the egg doesn't break; just try stacking and forming the styrofoam in different ways around the egg until you get it right.
Containers are useful when constructing an egg drop structure. Containers can be made from plastic, cardboard and other materials and can completely enclose the egg for protection or just cradle the egg as if it were in a basket. Containers can be filled with materials, such as styrofoam, plastic, food items or cotton batting, to protect the egg inside. You could also try stacking several containers inside the other and filling each container with different materials to absorb the shock of the fall and better protect the egg.
Balloons can be used in several different ways to protect an egg from damage in an egg drop. Fill a balloon with helium or several of them then attach a small cup to the balloon; this should slightly resemble a hot air balloon. Place the egg in the cup and use a material, such as cotton batting or styrofoam, to protect the egg. If the right amount of helium and balloons is used, the egg will weigh the balloon down just enough to slowly fall from the drop point. When the balloon reaches the ground, it will land slowly and softly enough that the egg will not be damaged.