Create a Spanish flair in your home with Spanish plaster techniques. The way the plaster is applied to the wall creates the patterns and textures associated with Spanish plaster. You can enhance that appearance by using two or more colours of plaster. Use additives designed specifically for plaster to colour the plaster before it's applied or paint it after it's thoroughly dried.
Skip trowelling is a plaster technique done to create peaks and valleys within the plaster. Use a trowel to apply the plaster to the wall or blow it with a texture blower. Take a clean rubber trowel and sporadically knock down or smooth the plaster on the wall. Leave visible spaces between the two surfaces and use short strokes from all directions to create the skip trowel method.
Spanish drag resembles the skip trowel method in that the plaster is applied with a blower or a trowel. If trowelling the plaster one, make sure it's a rough and rustic application. Use a large rubber trowel to knock down the plaster, typically in vertical lines, dragging the trowel down to smooth the plaster. Keep the trowel at a consistent angle and distance from the wall surface when creating the Spanish drag.
Stucco, often seen on the exterior of homes, is becoming a popular Spanish plaster technique for interior walls. Stucco is created by applying plaster with a trowel. The plaster is typically applied either in semicircular shapes or in a cross-hatch pattern. Create the cross-hatch pattern by applying the plaster with overlapping X shapes.
The Spanish brocade plaster technique is a lacy looking design that's done on a smooth surface. If your wall surface isn't smooth, add a layer of plaster and smooth it as much as possible with a rubber trowel. Once it's dry, apply the final layer of plaster. Dip a clean trowel into the plaster several times, lifting it straight off the plaster. This creates the peaks and valleys you need. Dab the trowel lightly onto the wall, creating the lacy look of Spanish brocade.