The soybean is a versatile food that can be used to produce milk, sauce, soup, paste, tempeh, flour and powder. It is often added to baked goods to increase their nutritional value and as a substitute for meat in vegetarian options. Soy is high in protein, amino acids, fibre, vitamin B and omega-3 fatty acids, which results in many added health benefits such as lower cholesterol levels. You can get the benefits from the high nutritional value of soy by adding some soya powder or soy flour into your current diet.
To make soya powder, soybeans are first washed in water, then cooked in steam at a temperature of 102 degrees Celsius. The hulls are removed before the remaining parts of the soybean are ground into a fine powder. Soya powder has a subtle flavour which makes it a versatile ingredient to add to many baked goods recipes. The powder is also used in the production of soy milk. Depending on how it is processed, soya powder is also known as a protein powder that can be used in protein shakes along with other ingredients. This type of soya powder does not mix well with water and can cause flatulence in sensitive individuals, but its health benefits make up for the disadvantages. Include soya protein powder in your diet and the antioxidants will help reduce your risks of heart disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer and osteoporosis.
Soy flour is made by using whole dry soybeans and grinding them into a flour which can then be left as is for raw soy flour, or toasted to be used in baking recipes. When used in baked goods, soy flour is often mixed with other types of flours and is best used in recipes in which a nutty flavour is preferred. This type of flour is much higher in protein than regular flour, making it an easy way to add nutritional value to your diet. In baked goods, soy flour can also increase the storage life of your food.
Both soya powder and soy flour are derived from soybeans, making them very popular sources of protein that are easy to mix into a variety of recipes such as baked goods, pastas, smoothies and meats dishes. The low cost of soybeans has made these products a choice during wartime and famine for people in need of foreign relief or refugee food programs.
The major difference between these soy products is that in the powder the hulls are removed as part of the process while the flour is made using the whole soybean. To produce the powder, the soybean is cooked before grinding; in the flour, the soybean may or may not be cooked, and is done so after being ground into a fine powder. This difference in production means that soya powder is finer than soy flour and its flavour is usually more pronounced. Soy flour is easy to find in most grocery store of health food stores, but soya powder can be harder to find. You may have a better chance finding soya powder online or in speciality health food or supplement stores.