Introduce a farm theme to preschoolers to help them learn about the different animals and food from a farm. Preschoolers enjoy a hands-on experience so incorporate singing, dancing and craft time into each theme to keep them entertained and busy. Throughout each activity, ask the preschoolers what they think about farms and what they think happens on a farm. Encourage the preschoolers to verbalise their favourite barnyard animals and food from the farm.
On the Farm
Incorporate an "On the Farm" theme into the preschool schedule. The theme will be about what type of people work on the farm, what the duties and jobs are on the farm and how their day-to-day routine keeps the farm working. Read different books that talk about cowboys and farmers to the children and ask them questions about the books afterwards. Sing the song "Farmer in the Dell" with the children and then send them to colour pictures showing different farmers and cowboys working on the farm. If possible, take the preschoolers on a field trip to a working farm and let them observe the farm firsthand.
Food from the Farm
Teach children that the food we eat is harvested from the farm. Bring in a variety of different farm-grown foods such as apples, squash, pumpkins, peaches and asparagus for the children to look at and observe. If real food is not an option, then pick up plastic or wooden food from an education store. Sing the song, "Old McDonald Had a Farm," with the children and read books about eating healthy food from the farm. Include an apple tree craft by giving each child a piece of large, green construction paper with the shape of a tree drawn on the front. Give each child several small pieces of red tissue paper and instruct the kids to wad up the paper and glue the "apples" on the tree.
Show kids the different animals from the barnyard by reading different books that list the various animals. When an animal is shown from the book, ask the kids to mimic the sound the animal makes. In addition to books, place flashcards around the room that show both the adult animal and the baby of the same animal so the children can compare the difference from a baby to adult. Do the "Chicken Dance" with the kids. Incorporate a craft by giving each child a preprinted picture of a sheep and cotton balls. Have the kids glue the cotton balls onto the sheep's back.
Down on the Farm
Incorporate both the farmers and the animals with a "Down on the Farm" theme. Bring plastic animals and ask the kids what noises the animals make, what the animals eat and how the farmer helps the animals. Sing the song, "High-ho, Dairy-ho" with the kids. For the craft, have the kids assemble a cow by pinning the legs, head and tail onto the body. Incorporate a game into the theme by having the kids play pin the tail on the donkey.