The story of David and Goliath occurs in the book of Samuel as King Saul and the Israelites prepare for battle with the Philistines at the Valley of Elah. Rather than engage in a pitched battle, Goliath, the champion of the Philistines, challenges a champion of the Israelites to one-on-one combat. Eventually, David agrees and slays the giant Philistine with a stone unleashed from his sling. The moral of the story is that even the meekest can triumph over adversity if they have faith in God.
David and Goliath Game
For this game, you will need to go outside and find five small, flat stones as well as one large stone. Make sure that each stone is clean and then decorate them in any colour you desire. Once the paint is dry, use a thin marker to write the letters "D," "A," "V," "I" and "D" on the small stones and the letter "G" on the larger stone. Spray each stone with varnish to ensure none of them become scratched. You can then use these stones to play a game in which the "G" -- or Goliath -- stone is placed within a large chalk circle and players take it in turns to skim their "D A V I D" stones and attempt to knock it out of the circle.
Goliath's Helmet and Spear Craft
Whether putting on a full drama production or just initiating a role-playing exercise, re-enacting Bible stories provides children with a means to get inside the story and explore its themes. The Bible tells us that Goliath's helmet was made of heavy brass and that his spear weighed 600 shekels and was made of iron. Help your children cut out the shape of a helmet and wrap it in gold-coloured metallic foil. Help them cut out a large spear shape and wrap it in silver-coloured metal foil. Attach a small wooden dowel to the bottom of the helmet shape so that a child is able to hold it as a mask while also holding the spear in his other hand. These objects can be used to recreate the famous defeat of Goliath.
David and Goliath Diorama
Building a diorama is an effective way to engage children in the imagery of the Bible. Children can use sand, gravel and small rocks to create a convincing Middle Eastern landscape and then construct models of David and Goliath out of clay. This project will allow children to get inside the story and gain a better understanding of it. Such a visceral activity will also make the messages of the story easier to remember in the future.
This craft relates to another mention of David in the Bible -- his assistance to King Saul. Ask each child in the class to draw a simple outline of King Saul, cut it out and draw around it to create two identical outlines. Students should decorate each outline so that it looks like King Saul, except that one side of the outline should have a sad face and one side should have a happy face. Then, during storytime, recite the tale of David and King Saul and ask the children to join in, showing a sad face when he is sad and a happy face after David has helped him.