Red roses have long been symbols of love, longing and desire. They can also add a dash of vibrant colour to your home's landscape. Red rose varieties range in colour from pale red to deep scarlet red. Select red rose bushes for your garden according to the bush's bloom time, shade of red, mature size and your intended use.
The "Champlain" rose, a kordesii rose variety, features shiny, deep green foliage and slightly fragrant, deep red to cherry red roses that bloom from May through the first frost. This compact shrub ranges from 30 to 48 inches in both height and width. Winter hardy in USDA zones 3 to 8, "Champlain" roses prefer somewhat acidic, loamy soils. Although this rose bush tolerates shade, it flowers best when planted in fully sunny locations. Watch out for rose midges, borers and powdery mildew. Use "Champlain" roses in rose gardens, cottage gardens or foundation plantings.
"Dolly Parton" is a hybrid tea rose variety with shiny, green leaves and large, orange-red flowers. The heavily scented roses appear in May and repeat bloom until the first frost. This red rose bush prefers slightly acidic, loamy soils in fully sunny locations. Winter hardy in zones 5 to 9, "Dolly Parton" bushes need regular watering. Mature plants reach up to 4 feet in height and 3 feet in width. Spider mites, thrips and black spot are occasional problems. Group plant "Dolly Parton" rose bushes in borders, rose gardens or cottage gardens.
"Don Juan" roses feature leathery, glossy green leaves and large, heavily fragrant, deep red roses from May through the first frost. This climbing rose bush ranges from 8 to 10 feet in height with spreads ranging from 3 to 6 feet. Winter hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9, "Don Juan" roses prefer well-drained, medium-moist soils that receive full sun. Use summer mulch to keep the roots cool. Potential problems include rust, beetles and leafhoppers. Plant "Don Juan" rose bushes in areas where they are free to climb fences, walls, arbors or pillars.
The "Red Cascade" rose variety is one of the few that can tolerate lightly shady positions. This climbing miniature rose bush bears bright green leaves and clusters of crimson red flowers from May through the first frost. Winter hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9, this type of red rose bush likes well-drained soils and a regular watering routine. "Red Cascade" shrubs range from 9 to 12 inches in height with spreads up to 30 inches. Mites, aphids and powdery mildew sometimes affect this plant. Use "Red Cascade" roses as groundcovers, edgers or small climbers.
The "Europeana" is a floribunda rose variety that provides bright blooms from May through September. This type of red rose bush features slightly fragrant, dark red roses. The leaves emerge with red tints, but mature to a shiny, deep green. Mature bushes range from 30 to 36 inches in both height and spread. Winter hardy in USDA zones 5 to 9, the "Europeana" rose bush prefers slightly acidic loams that receive full sun. Watch your rose bushes for rose rosette, rose midges and spider mites. Use "Europeana" bushes as small hedges and foundation plantings.