Pepperone peppers are commonly used in sauces, soups and as a sandwich garnish. If you do not have pepperone peppers on hand for a recipe, you can substitute in other peppers. However, substitutes for pepperone must have a similar salty and mildly spicy flavour to blend well into a recipe. With the right substitute in your dish, your taste buds will never know the difference.
Use fresh banana peppers as a substitute for fresh pepperone peppers. Banana peppers are sweeter than pepperone, however, both work well on salads and sandwiches. Pepperone peppers are spicier than banana peppers. Pickled banana peppers can also be substituted in recipes that call for pickled pepperone. Add the same amount of picked peppers as you would pepperone.
A little goes a long way when substituting cayenne peppers for pepperone. These peppers have a more intense flavour than a few slices the milder pepperone. The red cayenne peppers are the hottest variety. Slowly stir in the cayenne pepper and taste the food before adding more to prevent overpowering the dish.
If you have a recipe that calls for pickled pepperone, you can substitute pickled cherry peppers instead. They are very similar in taste and are common pickling peppers, which can make it easier to find this substitute. If you can, find a creole cherry pepper, which is spicier than the mild pepperone pepper. When using the pickled version, you can add some of the brine to your recipe for added flavour.
Often confused for pepperoncinie, jalapeño peppers can be substituted in any recipe for that calls for pepperone. The jalapeño is spicier than the pepperone and can be found either pickled or dried. Add less of the jalapeño peppers as called for in the recipe or you may overwhelm your taste buds.