Pomes are fruits is produced by flowering plants. Pomes are members of the Rosaceae family and the subfamily pomoideae. Each of these plants has a core with several small seeds, called pips, surrounded by a tough membrane. This membrane is then enclosed by a layer of flesh.
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Apples, Pears and Quince
Apples and pears are two of the most well-known members of the pome classification. There are more than 7,500 known varieties of apples, including crabapples. Most apple trees bloom in the spring and produce red, yellow or green fruit in the late summer or early fall. Pear trees produce bell-shaped fruit with skins that range from green to yellow to red or many combinations within these colours. They are generally picked before they are ripe so the flesh will not become granular.
Quince, also called golden apple, is a tart fruit native to warm climates. The fruit is inedible unless cooked.
Cotoneaster, Pyracantha and Toyon
These trees are primarily used as landscaping today. There are more than 70 species of cotoneaster and many hybrids. This plant is used for its flowers. There is a fruit that follows, which birds love, followed by vibrant fall colours. The pyracantha is an evergreen popularly grown against walls. The flowers are white or cream which give way to bright-coloured berries. Toyon is also known as the California Christmas berry. The edges of the leaves have fine teeth. This plant produces white flowers in June or July, then red berries in December.
Hawthorn and Rowan
The hawthorn is a thorny tree which has blossoms that grow in white, red or pink clusters. The berries from this plant are called haws and are red or black when ripe.
The rowan grows in northern Europe and the northeastern United States. This tree can grow up to 50 feet tall. The blossom of the rowan is white and the tree produces berries every third year.
Medlar, Loquat and Asian Pear
The medlar is a rare plant with large spring flowers that start out white then, as they age, fade to pink. The fruit is dark brown with small stems. The loquat is also known as the Japanese plum or Japanese medlar. This plant is popular in Asia. The loquat has thin skin, sometimes covered in small hairs, which surround juicy, sour flesh. This fruit bruises easily. The Asian pear is known by many names including the apple pear, Oriental pear, sand pear and nashi. This plant produces a crunchy, juicy fruit which is fragrant. There are more than 20 varieties and the Asian pear tree comes in many sizes and colours.
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