Civil aviation agencies throughout the world help maintain the safety of pilots and passengers with certification programs designed to monitor aircraft. Certification audits involve airworthiness examinations as well as maintenance and equipment checks. The checklists for civil aviation certification depend on the type of aircraft being audited, from small utility planes to jumbo passenger aircraft.
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Examining aircraft avionics, or the airworthiness of an aircraft's design, is a key aspect to the certification process. Specific elements must be involved in an aircraft's design depending upon the type of aircraft. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certifies planes based on design and intended use, from transport planes to commuter planes to acrobatic planes.
Electrical and Mechanical Systems
Thorough tests are done to ensure that the electrical and mechanical systems in an aircraft are in working order and safisy a civil aviation agency's specific requirements.
Preventive maitenance must be routinely performed on an aircraft's equipment to lengthen the life of materials, frame, engine, propellers and other elements of an aircraft. Rebuilt or added equipment must also be checked for durability and to ensure proper installation.
Most types of aircraft will be subject to a test flight examination prior to official certification. Testing the airworthiness of an aircraft in flight assists with all other elements of an audit checklist, ensuring that the equipment is working as intended, and that the overall airworthiness of an aircraft can be certified as safe to fly.
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