The causes of chronic belching

Updated February 21, 2017

Belching is a normal part of digestion, caused by the natural digestion of the foods we eat and the air we swallow throughout the day. Most people belch several times throughout the day, especially after eating. However, chronic belching is belching that occurs frequently and interferes with your daily activities. If you suffer from chronic belching, contact your doctor.

Gastro-oseophageal Reflux Disease

Gastro-oseophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a common cause of chronic belching. GERD occurs when stomach acids go back up the oesophagus, causing patients to swallow more often and resulting in belching. Other symptoms of GERD include heartburn, a sour taste, pain in the chest and the sensation of having a lump in the throat. GERD may be treated with over-the-counter acid reducers, prescription medications and surgery.


Gastritis, or inflammation of the stomach lining, may also cause chronic belching, and is most often caused by smoking, alcohol, infection or damage to the lining of the stomach. Gastritis may also cause stomach pain and indigestion, nausea and vomiting. Patients suffering from gastritis may also vomit blood.

Peptic Ulcer

Chronic belching may signal the presence of peptic ulcers, or small sores in the stomach, esophogus and small intestine. Symptoms may include pain, nausea and vomiting. Treatments for peptic ulcers include antiobiotics to remove the bacteria that often cause the ulcers, and acid reducers to relieve heartburn symptoms.

Meganblase Syndrome

Meganblase syndrome is a rare condition that causes chronic belching as a result of swallowing copious amounts of air; this creates an air bubble in the stomach after eating, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. The symptoms of Meganblase Syndrome mimic those of a heart attack.

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About the Author

Based in the southeastern United States, Annabelle Brown began writing in 2000. She specializes in health, nutrition, education and pets. Brown holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from Virginia Tech and is pursuing a Master of Science in English from Radford University and a Master of Education at Wright State University.