The same types of jewellery mounts and settings are used by the beginning jewellery maker and the professional jewellery creator. The only difference may be the type of metal the piece is crafted from. Mounts and settings can be purchased in gold, silver, platinum, nickel and a variety of mixed metals. The majority of them simply require a jewel or gemstone to either be glued in or secured with prongs. More expensive jewellery usually does not have glued in stones.
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Cabochon settings are popular on bracelets, earrings and as necklace pendants. Cabochons can be set with prongs but it is more often done by gluing them in place. Glue is not used on gold and silver settings. On bracelets you may see an entire row of cabochons which form the bracelet. Bracelets are also created using quick set mounts glued onto a bracelet form with natural gemstones such as turquoise or tiger eye set in with prongs.
Brooches are designed with either of the methods for setting gemstones. It may be 1 prong setting or several prong setting combined with a glued in cabochon or any variation of the mounts and settings. Some brooch settings are designed so they can be worn as a pendant or as a pin back. Brooches are popular for gluing on natural stones. They may also be created with drop settings which hang from the bottom of the brooch.
Necklace Pendants and Clasps
Most gold and silver necklace pendants are made with a 4 prong setting that has a loop attached for the chain. These are referred to as drop settings and can be purchased ready made. All that needs to be done is to carefully place the gemstone in the setting and bend the prongs to the centre to secure the stone. Necklace clasps can be inset with rhinestones or other gems set in prongs. Occasionally a clasp may be set with a glued in cabochon and a variety of precious and semi-precious gems.
Pre-cut ring settings are popular and easy to work with. The prongs are already split. The same as in other settings, the prongs are bent to hold the gemstones. Other more intricate designs and creations require stones of different sizes to be set in, with each one having its own set of prongs. In rings made with a natural or man-made pearl, the pearl is usually drilled on one side and placed on a single prong which is centred in the ring setting.
Earrings are usually created using the heart, round, square or triangle shaped drop mounts. It depends on the designer's preference. Lever back, ear wires and dangle earrings are made with any of the cabochon or prong mounts and settings for any of the available shapes. Drop settings are popular for earrings and are attached using a jump ring. The same drop settings are used for necklaces. Post earrings have a slightly concave flat disk attached which is normally used for gluing in round beads.
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