Making a poster, whether for personal interest or for a project in school or work, requires obtaining poster board and the appropriate items for the poster. A science poster can vary widely in topic and design, but there are some key points to keep in mind when making a science poster. It should be related to science and it should contain pictures as well as words.
Laboratory Safety Poster
The lab is an area of scientific study that is potentially very dangerous. There are sources like fires that might result in burns, or chemicals and acids that can harm the skin or eyes. A laboratory safety poster needs to have images showing appropriate lab safety, such as goggles and a lab coat for safety equipment or an image of an individual carrying objects like microscopes with two hands to prevent dropping. The poster must also include the lab safety rules written either as captions to the picture or as bulleted notes. This is an ideal poster to remind children of safe practices and should take into account the age of the viewer.
Science Fair Poster
A science fair project often requires a visual, and the poster is a common visual option. The poster set-up for a science fair poster should have information about the background leading to the experiment and then information about the hypothesis or introduction to the experiment. It should then have pictures and information showing the experiment process and the final results. These pictures should have short captions explaining them as necessary. Put the conclusion at the end of the poster, drawing upon the facts of the experiment to state the final outcome. If there are sources, put these at the bottom corner of the poster.
For the scientific convention or an older scientific community, the poster should include more details in writing, use graphs and use fewer pictures. It should start in the left corner stating the question and background information in the introduction. This is a paragraph or so telling about why the experiment took place and what led to the experiment. The next section should go below the first and tell about the method and materials used for the experiment. The largest section describes the result of the experiment. This shows graphs and written data for what occurred in the experiment. If preferred, add a picture or two to show the final results if it is appropriate for informational purposes. Put a conclusion stating the outcome. At the bottom right of the poster, include citations for sources, any acknowledgements and any resources for further study available.
A science poster for children or for displaying in a room does not need to have much writing. Instead, it can have pictures relating to the scientific topic. For example, if the poster is about cells, it might have an image of a cell, images of the parts of the cell broken down and a label telling the type of cell. The writing is only in labelling the parts or short sentences giving quick facts. This type of poster is often used in classrooms and is ideal for study materials when learning about items like cells, various animals, rocks or cycles in science like the water cycle or rock cycle.