Pine trees are coniferous trees well suited for windbreaks, as well as ornamental purposes. There are several fast-growing varieties that can quickly fill in an area, providing year-round cover, and wind and snow protection. Most fast-growing pine trees are hardy and require little care.
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Australian Pine (Casuarina Equisetifolia)
The Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia) is native to South Asia and grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 9 to 11. This tree reaches between 100 and 150 feet at maturity. It grows at a rate of about 5 to 10 feet per year. In some cases when it is planted in sandy soil, it grows at a rate of 15 feet per year. This tree needs full sunlight and it is a heat-loving variety. The Australian pine begins reproducing between 3 and 5 years old and reseeds from the pinecones it drops.
Canary Island Pine (Pinus Canariensis)
The Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis) is a subtropical variety known for its fast growth and its hardiness. Recommended for planting in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 9 to 11, this tree cannot tolerate cold weather. Typically, it grows between 5 and 10 feet per year and can reach 180 feet or more at maturity. This tree will not begin producing pinecones until it is approximately 20 to 40 years old, making it ideal for areas where excessive propagation is not desired.
White Pine (Pinus Strobes)
A white pine (Pinus strobes) tree often reaches 150 feet in height at maturity and is tolerant to cold weather. It is found in the northern reaches of Canada. While it prefers well-drained soil, the white pine is very hardy. This tree typically grows at a rate in excess of 5 feet per year and can tolerate some shade during the day. Pinecone production begins when the tree is between 3 and 5 years old.
Lobolly Pine (Pinus taeda)
The lobolly pine (Pinus taeda) tree, also known as North Carolina pine or Arkansas pine, densely populates these areas. This fast-growing tree can exceed growth rates of 10 feet per year and at maturity typically exceeds 110 feet. It is used by several species of wildlife for their natural habitat. It does well in warmer climates, although it can be planted in USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 6 to 11. This particular tree is aggressive and grows in very poor conditions. Numerous pinecones are produced yearly after the tree reaches 3 years of age.
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