Most 3-year-old children can name at least one colour, but even the brightest preschooler can struggle to learn his shapes and colours. A traditional preschool classroom offers a variety of opportunities to teach children their colours and shapes in ways that are relaxed, exciting and successful.
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Incorporate a variety of worksheets into your class period. Preschool learning worksheets are designed to reinforce shapes and colours through puzzles, mazes, questions and matching games. You can purchase full-length worksheet books or download worksheets for free online (see Resources).
Look for opportunities while your pupils are at play to tell them the name of a colour or shape. Building blocks, books and play dough offer immediate opportunities for teaching, but also look for rarer moments. When a child plays with a baby doll, for example, talk about the colour of its dress. When one of the children tosses a ball, ask him what shape it is.
Incorporate music into your classroom each day. Sing songs that name the different shapes and colours and encourage pupils to sing along. When you name a shape or colour in a song, have pupils find objects in your classroom that match the word. For example, when you sing the word "red," have pupils find a red sweater or red ball.
If your preschool classroom has computers, play online games that teach shapes and colours. Preschool learning websites, such as A Kid's Heart or Kiddy House (see Resources), encourage learning through games and activities. In addition to teaching colours and shapes, online games also teach children to navigate a computer.
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