School projects that require you to make a model habitat test both your knowledge of the particular landscape and your creativity in recreating it. Model habitats can be built using everyday household and outdoor items that give the appearance of natural elements within the habitat. Also, it is important to make elements in the habitat look as if they are to scale with all the other elements.
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To create lakes, rivers and streams in your model habitat, use shiny, translucent, blue gel toothpaste. Squeeze the toothpaste carefully into the shape of the body of water you wish to create. For oceans, create a wavy shoreline with a sandy beach and extend the toothpaste to the edge of the habitat base. For rivers, create a wavy strip of toothpaste that runs through the habitat, perhaps with a gravel bank. Create lakes by squeezing the toothpaste into whatever closed-off shape you wish the lake to be.
Salt dough terrain
Create hills, plateaus, mountains and valleys in your habitat by using salt dough to form the terrain. Salt dough is made by combining 500 ml (2 cups) of plain flour, 250 ml (1 cup) of table salt and 250 ml (1 cup) of water. Create the shapes you wish to use as your habitat terrain and place them on a baking tray in the oven at 90 degrees C (200F) for three to four hours. Alternatively, let the salt dough air dry on its own for 48 hours.
Stick and moss trees
Create miniature trees for your habitat by using sticks you've gathered from your garden or a nearby park and sheet moss. Purchase the sheet moss from a garden centre and rip off small pieces. Glue the moss pieces to the tips of the sticks using a hot glue gun. Before gluing the moss on to the sticks, scrunch the pieces up so they appear full like a tree top.
Craft foam animals
Create animals that are inhabitants of the habitat out of coloured craft foam. Choose craft foam colours that match the colour of the animal you wish to create. For example, if you wish to create a mountain goat, use white craft foam for the body and brown craft foam for the horns. Cut the animal's main shape out of the craft foam and, using hot glue, attach additional parts such as horns, wings and tails. Glue on craft eyeballs or draw the face details with a fine tip marker.
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