Learning about sequencing and the correct order of events is a critical skill for kindergartners to develop. Identifying the beginning, middle and end of a process helps children to remember the procedure and understand that most steps have a logical sequence. Teach the concept in the classroom through a variety of hands-on activities. Children can later apply this knowledge to help them with writing, math, literacy and life skills.
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Teach children to identify the beginning, middle and end sounds in words by listening to words as they are spoken and identifying the words that have the same end sounds (rat, cat, bat), middle sounds (smooth, choose, root) and beginning sounds (beg, bell, bent). Once the children understand the concept, provide worksheets or index cards with sets of three words. Make two of the words have the same beginning, middle or end sound, and ask children to identify which word is the odd one out.
Describe on audio tape a process that kindergartners know well. This process might be getting dressed, checking out a book at the library, or playing a game. Record the steps of the process, but out of order. For example "choose the book you want to check out, return the book to the library when you are finished, check the book out of the library." Tell the children to listen to the audio and identify what step is out of order (in this example, returning the book should be the ending step). Have the children record a new audio tape with the steps in the correct order of beginning, middle and end.
Kindergartners may know the shape of a letter but not yet know where to begin writing the letter or where to stop. Show kindergartners how to write letters using the concept of beginning, middle and end. Select markers in three colours -- green, yellow and red -- and explain to the children that green represents the beginning of the letter, yellow represents the middle of the letter and red represents the end. Draw letters on a whiteboard or flip-chart to illustrate the process. Then provide the students with markers in each colour and allow them to practice.
Instruct children to create a "story map." Provide them with a long roll of easel paper. Read the children a story, then tell them to draw three pictures to represent three main events from the book, in order. The children should draw one picture to represent the beginning of the story, another for the middle of the story, and the final picture should show the end of the story. Have children draw an arrow connecting each picture to demonstrate the flow of the story.
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